Clean ponds. How filthy becomes clean, and can anarchists be intimidated?

One of the favorite places in Moscow is Chistye Prudy. ("Pure ponds ... Shy willows, Like girls, we stopped at the water ..." - D. Tukhmanov). And before that, these ponds were called Pagans, up to 1703. And not by chance, although the exact reason why the ponds were so ugly named, now no one will say. And there can be several reasons, here are as many as four versions, and all of them have the right to exist.

Once there was a river named "Rachka" (perhaps from the Russian dialectal "rachit" - catching crayfish), then a pond appeared. The places belonged to the boyar Stepan Kuchka, who dared to poorly accept Prince Yuri Dolgoruky, even “denouncing him”. The prince could not stand the insult, killed the boyar, the body ordered to throw into the pond.

The next version is no less interesting. Once there lived the Gentiles (balty-speaking tribes) who worshiped their gods in this place. Many people know that the word "pagan" originally meant "pagan"; this word (pagan) has been preserved in its native meaning in many European languages.

Finally, according to one version, it was here that another Russian tragedy occurred: on July 25, 1570, 120 boyars (and servicemen) were executed, accused by Ivan the Terrible of "great changing affairs."

On the other hand, as Moscow settled, butchers chose places in the neighborhood - Myasnitskaya Street is very close. It is still called that, but the butchers once lived there, and the Zhivoginny yard existed, where they sold livestock. Butchers did not always want to get to the slaughterhouse and pay once more for the slaughter of livestock, so they threw waste into the pond. Until the prince Alexander Menshikov, who became the owner of this land, ordered to clean them immediately. After all, he still needed to go on this road to the German Sloboda. Often - along with the king.

But, they say, even before the prince Muscovites began to call the ponds Clean, proving their ability to black humor, and here and time came to bring the pond in order. Thus, Chistye Prudy appeared in its present sense (for especially meticulous people: there is only one pond, just the name it has is “Chistye Prudy”).

Russian figure skating was born and practiced here. Here, not only did the townspeople come in the winter to ride “aglitsky or Petersburg” manners, but they practiced here: world champion (1910−1911) N. Strunnikov and European champion V. Ippolitov, champion of Russia and the Soviet Union Y. Melnikov.

A significant event happened in the history of Moscow: in 1919, a monument was erected to the anarchist M. Bakunin. But the sculptor B. Korolev was so eager to convey the rebellious and rebellious anarchist spirit that the sculpture caused a shock, while still being open just a little. There are numerous testimonies that even the horses shied away. Cab drivers refused to travel to the area.

Anarchists became very nervous, began to hold protest actions, quite, by the way, organized. The workers, too, were outraged, began to write to the newspapers, and all together they demanded "to remove the scarecrow." What was done, the Moscow City Council heeded the requests. Where is this creation now - no one knows. So it turned out to be easy to scare anarchists: it was enough to provide an opportunity to "live", to witness the artistic embodiment of the preacher of "anarchy - the mother of order" with his own eyes, and then the brains rose into place. The futuristic-anarchist sculpture apparently had a terrible destructive power of influence.

Many famous people lived here: nearby - Griboedov (a monument to him stands at the subway), the poet Rostopchin. House number 6 belonged to Musin-Pushkin, house number 12 - to Pashkov, house number 21 held famous literary environments of the writer Teleshov (they were visited by A. Chekhov, M. Gorky, V. Korolenko, D. Mamin-Sibiryak, L. Andreev, And Bunin, A. Kuprin). Film director Sergei Eisenstein lived in house number 23.

Chistye Prudy is pretty much sung in literature: Pisemsky, Leskov, Boborykin, Kuprin, Nagibin (according to the book of which the film of the same name was shot according to the script by B. Ahmadullina).

Who now lives on Clean Ponds? Actors Marina Neyolova, Yevgeny Mironov (Prince Myshkin in the film “Idiot”), Viktor Shenderovich, psychologist Vladimir Levi. Perhaps someone else lives, this place is loved by many. Pure ponds and the boulevard are still a place for informal gatherings: hippies, alisomans, and "Goths", and simply everyone who wants to sing along with the guitar. In summer, the water space itself is owned by swans, and both white and black. In winter, they are transferred to the "winter apartments" to the Novodevichy Convent.

And there goes the tram "Annushka". He is not related to Bulgakov, Annushka spilled oil elsewhere, but it was one of the first electrified trams in the pre-revolutionary city (tram A).

And although no one will say the words of the writer Y. Nagibin ("Yes, he was clean and generous, like our childhood, he gave us fresh water, the old Moscow pond"), hardly anyone would dare to drink some water from the pond, but nevertheless they talk about it no less beautifully:

All that will happen to me, I know in advance,
I'm not looking for a guide.
And on Chistye ponds the white swan is swimming,
Distracting carmen.

A.M. Gorodnitsky

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