The first thing the hero of Daniel Defoe thought how to protect themselves from savages, if they were on the island, and from animals, if they were found there. Robinson Crusoe first wanted to dig a cave - following the first step of humanity in the construction of individual housing, but then he changed his mind. In the hill, on the slope of which he planted his tent, the 17th century man already spoiled with the “fruits of enlightenment” built a cellar. And, of course, a European built a fence around his dwelling. The gaps between the stakes from top to bottom filled with scraps of ropes taken from the ship, from the inside reinforced the fence with props from the boards.
Well, what if a person has only shrubs and trees at hand, and construction tools in the form of chainsaws, electric planers, and just an ordinary knife, not to mention nails, have not yet been invented? In such conditions, a person was saved not so much by hands as by legs. With the help of the toes, our ancestors clung perfectly to the branches, arranging the nest-dwellings.
Primitive people built sites from branches intertwined on a tree. These rods were covered with small branches and dry leaves, sometimes with a vault of interconnected branches of the same tree. The premise at the height saved from attacks from land predators.
In the same place, where the dense forest did not grow, but the bushes grew, a house was constructed with the use of obliquely supplied wattle made of branches, backed with a stick. With the help of such a half-hilt-half-man, a man hid from the wind and made a fire.
One day, someone from our ancestors had the idea to fasten four straight sheets of wattle, making a hole in one passage. Judging by the fact that it was according to this scheme, women sewed clothes from skins - leaving slots for the head and hands, we dare to suggest that the ordinary dressmaker could be the first prehistoric architect.
Inventors from other tribes invented their own way of shelter: one long cloth wattle bend into the shape of a standing wall with a round or oval cross-section. Such "koshi" are found in the mountains of the Caucasus. Until now, shepherds use similar buildings as pens, but often to protect fires.
In order to impart greater impermeability against wind and rain, unknown builders began to coat the weave with natural building material — clay, to which straw and cow dung were mixed in to impart strength.
The quirky mind of man went on. To protect the fragile shelters from a sudden attack, houses were placed on poles above water. So piles were invented. A row of piles were driven into shallow water, they were joined together by a deck of logs and poles. Huts were installed on it. The village was connected to land by a bridge, removable in case of an attack from land.
Robinson also used a removable entrance to his home. Remember how the sailor folded all his belongings inside the fence and tightly closed the entrance, and prudently removed the ladder inside. Thus, the hero Defoe used the experience of the ancient builders and did not feel lonely even on a desert island - after all, the experience of mankind was with him!
Hello from the past
Leafing through magazines on modern architecture, I stumbled upon the "house-trees". It turned out that not only Robinson appreciated the experience of our ancestors, but also designers. In contrast to the ruler of the whole island, many contemporaries huddle in small areas that do not allow building huge villas and enclosing them with “palisades”. In the world, original buildings that do not require large plots of land have become popular. So began to create "bird's nest", the structure of "a la nature", growing not in breadth, and up.
The house called "Fortress Nut" is built on a walnut tree growing on a neighboring plot. Neighbors were able to agree: they use the room as a common cultural space. Here, adults play cards, children play with dolls, and in case of guests coming, the nest serves as a hotel. Housing built in Düsseldorf to friendly neighbors made a profit not only from the delivery of housing, but also from advertising the original structure.
And then there is the "house capsule." The Explanatory Dictionary reports that this is a capsule - “part of a spacecraft designed to descend and land on Earth or another celestial body.” The house remained a mystery to me: most likely, it was created not for mere mortals!
The most traditional fisherman’s house: you can fish right from the veranda. In the house live three brothers. They play sports, listen to music to the fullest and meet girls, inviting them to go fishing.
The ending is here.
(Pictures from Ty Pennington at Home were used as illustrations.)