Then came the era of nurseries and kindergartens. As a rule, our mothers and grandmothers did not suffer the question of whether or not to give the child to a preschool educational institution. Moreover, it was normal to attend kindergarten from year to year and a half, and sometimes even earlier - after all, in this case there were nurseries that took babies from two months. The development of public education was due to the economic needs of the time - all women had to work for the good of the Fatherland.
Now the situation has changed. Modern parents have a choice: to be or not to be a kindergarten in the life of a child. When the baby reaches the age of 1.5-2 years, many parents begin to think about how to further build the training and education of their offspring.
Recently, there has been a tendency to leave the child in home education. The reasons for this are in a large shortage of places in preschool educational institutions, as well as in distrust of kindergartens that do not cope with their tasks. Consider the pros and cons of social and home education.
Without a doubt, the main advantage of kindergarten is socialization. In other words, preparing the child for life in society, mastering the norms of behavior. In kindergarten, a child gains experience of communication not only with family and people who love him, but also with peers, educators and nannies who may experience a wide variety of feelings towards him. Also, the baby learns to respect the elders, to obey them, to fulfill their errands and demands, to observe discipline. The child thus acquires the necessary skills of social behavior.
Kindergarten also teaches the child to be optimal for a growing body. daily routine. In the future, it will help the child and school adaptation.
As practice shows, toddlers who attend kindergarten are more independent. They learn speech skills more quickly, because communication with peers stimulates development.
The duties of educators include conducting developmental activities with children. At home, it is not always possible, for example, to find opportunities for conducting music or physical education classes.
However, there are cons of raising a child in kindergarten. Infectious diseases, not always a favorable psychological climate in the kindergarten, the lack of an individual approach to the child, deprivation of the caregiver's attention (in a group of 25-30 people), the risk of injury, non-pedagogical methods of influence of educators on children, etc. - this is not the whole list of circumstances who darken the child's stay in kindergarten ...
In addition, the beginning of a visit to a preschool educational institution for a child is always stressful. A large room, unfamiliar children around, alien adult educators, a nurse, a music director, loud conversations, the trampling of feet, sounds made by toys, slamming doors - all this is unusual for a child. A prolonged stay of a baby in a stressful state can lead to the development of neurosis and slow down the pace of psychophysical development.
Consider in more detail and home education. First of all, at home you can provide an individual approach to the child. If the program of training, education, daily routine in kindergarten is focused on the average child, then at home there is an opportunity to take into account the personal characteristics and inclinations of the baby, taking into account which to establish the mode of activities, walks and meals.
Also, the advantage of home education is the fact that the child is under constant reliable supervision. At home, you can provide a higher quality food. This is especially true for children suffering from food allergies.
At home, the child is much less likely to catch infectious diseases or parasites from peers.
However, some advantages of parenting at home can turn into minuses. It is known that some diseases are more easily tolerated in childhood and are not accompanied by complications. This, for example, rubella, chickenpox, mumps ... In this regard, the kindergarten provides more opportunities for the acquisition of immunity.
The individual mode of classes may further complicate the process of getting used to school, because the child will have to go to school not when he is comfortable, but in accordance with the schedule. The later he encounters the first "necessary", the more difficult it will be in the future.
At home, there are far fewer opportunities for a child to acquire social skills than in kindergarten. Communication with peers and unauthorized adults, occurring in a preschool institution itself, requires some training and perseverance on the part of parents at home. In the kindergarten, children learn to share toys with each other, give in, compromise, sympathize, moderate their desires and take into account the interests of others. At home, these skills baby learns some time later. An interesting fact: if a child goes to kindergarten, then by 4 years old, his egocentrism decreases greatly or disappears altogether; at home upbringing, this happens only by 6 years, and sometimes egocentrism persists up to 7–8 years.
So to be or not to be kindergarten in the life of a child? What to choose: kindergarten or home education? I think each parent should decide for himself what will suit his child more. In addition, it is necessary to take into account the fact whether the child is ready for the beginning of a new stage in his life called “kindergarten”.
Or maybe choose a middle ground between the garden and the house? For example, there is such a practice: up to 4 years, the child is in home education, but from about the age of 3 he attends developmental circles several times a week. However, from the age of 4 the child starts to go to kindergarten. In this case, the advantages of both systems of education there.